Fort Emmanuel was the first European colonial fort in India, built by the Portuguese in the year 1503. It was destroyed in a war at the end of 1662 by the Dutch.
The Portuguese were welcomed by the King of Kochi in 1500 and a treaty was signed between the King of Kochi and the Portuguese. Gradually the Portuguese established their power in Kochi and built Santa Cruz City, the first European city in India. It is speculated that the Portuguese fort had seven bastions. Portuguese culture prevailed in Santa Cruz city till the invasion of the Dutch.
After the destruction of Santa Cruz city and Fort Emmanuel, the Dutch also built a fort in Kochi, which also had seven bastions, and which was destroyed by the British. Remains of the erstwhile forts are possibly under the sand in different parts of the Fort Kochi beach.
- by Kerala Tourism